Incidencia de lesiones por presión en pacientes con y sin Covid-19, ingresados en una unidad de cuidados intensivos

María del Cristo Robayna-Delgado, María del Carmen Arroyo-López, Carolina Martín-Meana, Carmen D. Chinea-Rodríguez, Verónica González-Herrero, Alejandro Jiménez-Sosa, José Manuel González-Darias

Resumen


Objetivo: Comparar la incidencia de lesiones por presión (LPP) en los pacientes ingresados en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) durante los tres primeros meses desde el inicio de la pandemia por COVID-19, con el mismo período del año anterior.

Diseño: Estudio de cohorte histórica.

Discusión y conclusiones:

La incidencia de LPP en UCI ha sido muy superior en los tres meses desde el inicio de la pandemia por COVID-19.

La media móvil del Índice COMHON es útil para estimar si el paciente crítico está protegido ante las LPP.

Recomendamos estudiar los factores que están relacionados con la incidencia encontrada.

 

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To compare the incidence of pressure injuries (PI) in patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) during the first three months since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic with the same period of the previous year.

Design: Historical cohort study.

Discussion and conclusions:

The incidence of PI in ICU has been much higher in the three months since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The COMHON Index moving average is useful for estimating whether the critical patient with COVID-19 is protected against PI.

We recommend studying the factors that are related to the incidence found.


Palabras clave


Lesión por presión; COVID-19; media móvil; enfermera; cuidados críticos; Índice COMHON.

Citas


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